Children in the Early Years Foundation Stage and Key Stage One (as well as children in Key Stage Two who need reading, phonics and spelling support) are taught a 25 minutes phonics lesson each day which follows the DfE's 'Letters and Sounds' programme.
The Letters and Sounds phonics programme taught at our school are taught in phases. Children learn how to read and say the sounds and then they learn the letter names. Using these sounds should always be the first strategy for reading an unfamiliar word. Sounds can be individual, digraphs or trigraphs.
An interactive programme, designed by the school, is in place to deliver the necessary skills needed in order to learn to read and spell; opportunities to apply phonic strategies to writing are integral to these sessions. Regular assessment to check children's progress and high-quality interventions to tackle any difficulties are used to ensure that children make excellent progress throughout phases 1-5 of the phonics programme. When spelling words, children are taught to robot talk the words. Robot talking entails stretching out the word, counting phonemes, writing these phonemes down before placing sound buttons under the phonemes to blend and read the word.
We have adapted phase 6 of the 'Letters and Sounds' programme for children in Year 2 to match the statutory requirements for spelling at the end of Key Stage 1. Children are taught the spelling rules of applying suffixes such as -ly, -ful, and -ness to root words as well as adding suffixes -ed, -ing, -er, -est and -y to words where changes need to be made to the root words. A number of other spelling rules are taught in Year 2 which include rules for spelling words ending in -tion and -el/-le.
Teachers use a variety of resources to teach phonics and spelling including images, real life objects, phoneme objects and interactive websites such as Phonics Play to provide a fun way to learn how to decode and read words. In addition to this, all children also have their own Spellzone account, which provides opportunities for them to consolidate their learning through fun games.
Our home learning programme - PHAD - encourages children to practise their phonic acquisition at home and helps parents and carers to understand these important building blocks in helping their child to become a reader.